Fifth Disease in children

Fifth Disease in Children: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is the fifth disease? 

A viral disease that causes a rash and irritation in the skin is the fifth condition. Infectious Erythema is an additional name for the fifth illness. Slapped cheek illness is the name for it. This is because of the reality that the rash can create a kid’s cheeks to turn bright red. The fifth illness is transmitted from one child to another by straight call with nasal and throat fluid. Contact with contaminated blood can spread out the virus. It can spread out. 

Why is it known as the fifth disease? 

The fifth illness obtained its name many years ago when it got on a checklist of the 6 identified youth rash-forming illnesses. The various other viruses consist of rubella, measles, scarlet fever, chickenpox, and roseola infantum. 

Who might get it easily? 

Any individual can get the fifth disease, yet it is more than likely to take place in school children as soon as you are exposed to the virus, your body’s immune system builds up defenses to combat it. This indicates that if you have a fifth illness as a child, you will be immune to it as a grownup. There are exceptions to this immunity, however generally, grown-ups do not get the Fifth disease. 

How does a child get a fifth disease? 

Parvovirus B19 creates the fifth illness, which is a mild rash illness. It impacts children greater than adults. After acquiring parvovirus B19, a person typically becomes ill with the fifth condition within 2 weeks. This condition, additionally known as erythema infectiosum, was given its name because it was placed fifth in a checklist of historic categories of constant childhood skin breakout problems. 

Is it contagious? 

OF COURSE. Since the breakout takes place after the illness has decreased, somebody with a 5th illness is most contagious before the rash arises. Once they have the rash, many children do not spread the virus. 

 The fifth disease spreads out through blood and saliva, as well as via respiratory beads that go into the air when a contaminated individual coughs or sneezes. The grownups who deal with kids are more than likely to be revealed to the virus. By the time the rash appears, kids are no more infectious and may attend institutions or daycare. The incubation period (the time between infection and the indicators or signs and symptoms of the disease) is typically between 4 and 2 weeks, yet 21 days (about 3 weeks). 

Causes of the fifth disease in children 

The 5th illness is caused by the human parvovirus (parvovirus B19). It is an infection that quickly spreads with saliva and nasal discharge. This implies that it can be passed on from person to person via sneezing and coughing. The infection can also infect the unborn child with the blood of pregnant women; however, this is rarely related to damaging effects. 

Symptoms of Fifth Disease

Around 20% of people with transmittable erythema are asymptomatic. Still, they can infect others with the virus. Frequently, the disease starts with flu-like symptoms. Throughout this time, the infection is most infectious. The primary symptoms of the fifth disease are: 

  • Headache 
  • Low-grade fever (99° to 101° F (37° to 38.5° C)). 
  • Runny nose 
  • Fatigue  
  • Sore throat 

 A few days after the onset of flu-like signs, a gossip-like rash shows up on the face and body. When a breakout appears, you are no longer transmittable. The breakout might be scratchy. It must vanish in 5-10 days (about 1 and a half weeks). In many cases, you may see a 2nd rash that takes place after a “cheek-tapping” breakout. At this moment you might have rashes:  

  • Arms 
  • Legs 
  • Trunk 
  • Buttocks (chest and back) 

About 10% of children with transmittable erythema also experience joint pain and swelling. The 5th health problem is a lot more common in kids, yet it can likewise happen in adults. Grownups with transmittable erythema frequently create flu-like signs without a rash. Along with these signs, 80% of adults additionally develop wrist, hand, and knee joint discomfort. 


There is no vaccination to avoid infectious erythema. Excellent health is the most effective means to prevent health problems, as the infection spreads conveniently via the drops of the nose and mouth. You can lower the threat of family infection by taking the following actions: 

  • Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly. 
  • Sneezing or coughing into the crook of your elbow. 
  • Avoiding close contact with an infected person. 


Lots of people recover completely from the fifth disease without durable issues. The following complications may take place: Anemia: The virus can stop the body’s production of red blood cells and create anemia. This problem is momentary and normally not obvious. Nonetheless, anemia can be serious if the immune system is weakened. If you have sickle cell illness, cancer, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or have an organ transplant, you go to the biggest risk of issues. Arthritis: A few youngsters (10%) and more adults (about 80%) create temporary uncomfortable joints and swelling. These signs typically improve in a few weeks. However, 10% of grownups establish persistent parvovirus-related joint inflammation or polyarthritis. Women have a greater risk than men. 


Infectious erythema is usually identified based on signs and symptoms. A “cheek-hit” rash is a strong indicator of this problem, and when gone along with by various other significant flu-like signs, medical professionals usually have transmittable erythema in the office without more tests. You can identify. In unusual instances, a medical professional might buy a blood test to verify the fifth illness. 


Signs of infectious erythema normally go away within a couple of weeks with minimal treatment. Your medical professional may recommend over-the-counter medicines that can deal with high temperature, migraines, and joint discomfort. These medicines consist of paracetamol (Tylenol). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or naproxen (Aleve). 

How does this affect pregnancy? 

The virus can contaminate expected children via their mother’s blood. The virus does not create abnormalities or developmental problems. If you are pregnant and have been revealed to somebody with a 5th disease, contact your healthcare provider instantly. 

If you have 5th illness while you are expecting, the virus can seldom cause: 

  • Fetal anemia (low red blood cell count). 
  • Hydrops fetalis (fluid buildup around organs). 
  • Miscarriage (when the pregnancy ends before the baby develops fully). 
  • Stillbirth (when a baby dies before birth). 
  • Nevertheless, most expectant mothers who are contaminated with this infection can deliver normal, healthy babies. 

Disclaimer: “KareOptions does not have any intention to provide specific medical advice, but rather to provide its users and/ or the general public with information to better understand their health. All content (including text, graphics, images, information, etc.) provided herein is for general informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice, care, diagnosis, or treatment. KareOptions makes no representation and assumes no responsibility/ liability for the accuracy of the information, advice, diagnosis, or treatment provided herein or on its website. NEVER DISREGARD PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL ADVICE OR DELAY IN SEEKING TREATMENT BECAUSE OF SOMETHING YOU HAVE READ IT HERE OR ACCESSED THROUGH THE KAREOPTIONS WEBSITE.

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